McLoughlin House, Oregon City, Oregon
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Oregon City is the first incorporated city west of the Mississippi. Established in 1829 by Dr. John McLoughlin as a lumber mill near Willamette Falls, it was later designated as Oregon's territorial capital. Visiting its many museums and historical buildings allows you a glimpse of pioneer life in Oregon territory.

The Clackamas County Historical Society Museum, which overlooks Willamette Falls and the Willamette River, has extensive exhibits of Clackamas county history documented in photographs and artifacts. Displays follow a time line from Indian times through fur traders, pioneers and merchants. Additional exhibits include one on America's first long distance electric transmission, which was from Willamette Falls, and an immigrant wagon fully loaded for the Oregon Trail.

The Ermatinger House Tea and Textile Museum, built in 1845, is the oldest house in Clackamas County. The famous coin flip between Asa Lawrence Lovejoy and Francis W. Pettygrove that determined Portland's name as a city was held here. Lovejoy preferred his hometown's name, Boston, and Pettygrove favored his hometown's name of Portland, Maine. Pettygrove won the toss. Living history teas set in the 1860s are held here, featuring people from Oregon's past. Located at 619 6th Street, Ermantinger House is not currently open for tours.

The Phillip Foster Farm was a waystation for emigrants coming off of the Barlow Road, the last part of the Oregon Trail. It is believed that over 10,000 emigrants stopped at the farm. Today, it is a living history museum, with a farmhouse, blacksmith shop, barn and store to explore, and activities from daily pioneer life to try. The farm is located near Oregon City at 29912 SE Highway 211 in Eagle Creek. Call 503-637-6324 for hours, admission is charged.


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    The McLoughlin House is a Georgian style white clapboard house that was built in 1845-46 by Dr. John McLoughlin, known as the Father of Oregon. Dr. McLoughlin was a Canadian born chief factor of the Hudson's Bay Company, and was a firm supporter of settlers who wished Oregon to be independent from England. He is credited with starting Oregon City.

    The house, which has been moved from its original riverbank location to a higher area to prevent flood damage, still has much of McLoughlin's original furniture as well as locally made furniture.. Many of the original pieces came around Cape Horn on sailing ships. Guides dressed in period clothing lead tours through the house, which is designated as a National Historic Site.

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